您好,欢迎光临世界标品! 登录 注册(订药物标准品请用邮件联系我们)

中国医药研发对照标品提供商
Non-clinical Research-used
Medicine Sample Provider

当前本网站药物产品种数共 8473 处方药 8099 非处方药 268 保健品/医疗用具 106

世界标品医药目录搜索(中英文):
世界各国官方药品目录搜索(英文):
世界标品医药知识搜索(中英文):

联系方式
国内客服电话:
国际免费电话:


QQ客服1:1793093587
QQ客服2:1586083059
QQ客服3:2786706041
QQ客服6:2992753224
QQ客服7:2394834588

咨询邮箱:
scimed.shanghai@shijiebiaopin.com
info@shijiebiaopin.com
pharmacy.shijiebiaopin1@gmail.com
pharmacy.shijiebiaopin2@gmail.com

  药店国别: 美国药房
产地国家: 美国
所属类别: 抗过敏药物->消炎药物
处方药:处方药
包装规格: 1.5毫克/毫升 32毫升/瓶
计价单位:
  点击放大  
生产厂家中文参考译名:
勃林格殷格翰
生产厂家英文名:
BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM
该药品相关信息网址1:
http://www.metacam.com/
该药品相关信息网址2:
http://www.veterinarypartner.com/Content.plx?P=A&A=1752
原产地英文商品名:
METACAM ORAL SUSP 1.5mg/ml 32mls/bottle
原产地英文药品名:
MELOXICAM
中文参考商品译名:
METACAM口服混悬剂 1.5毫克/毫升 32毫升/瓶
中文参考药品译名:
美洛昔康
中文参考化合物名称:
4-羟基-2-甲基-N-(5-甲基-1,3-噻唑-2-基)-2H-1,2-苯并噻嗪-3-羧酸乙酯 1,1-二氧化物
原产地国家批准上市年份:
0000/00/00
英文适应病症1:
Rheumatoid Arthritis
英文适应病症2:
Osteoarthritis
临床试验期:
完成
中文适应病症参考翻译1:
类风湿性关节炎
中文适应病症参考翻译2:
骨关节炎
药品信息:

---------------------------------------------------------------
 详细处方信息以本药内容附件PDF文件(20123418011835.pdf)的“原文Priscribing Information”为准
---------------------------------------------------------------
部分中文美洛昔康处方资料(仅供参考)

美洛昔康( Meloxicam )

化学名:4-羟基-2-甲基-N-(5-甲基-1,3-噻唑-2-基)-2H-1,2-苯并噻嗪-3-羧酸乙酯 1,1-二氧化物

类别:美洛昔康是非甾体抗炎药,用来减轻一些关节炎的症状,治疗风湿药

适应症:使用于类风湿性关节炎的症状治疗,疼痛性骨关节炎(关节病、退行性骨关节病)的症状治疗。

用法用量:口服,用水或流质送服吞咽。   
类风湿性关节炎:每天15mg(2片),根据治疗后反应,剂量可减至一日7.5mg(1片)。   
骨关节炎:一日7.5mg(1片),如果需要,剂量可增值一日15mg(2片)。   
对于不良反应有可能增加的病人:治疗开始剂量一日7.5mg(1片)。   
严重肾衰竭的病人透析时:剂量不应超过一日7.5mg(1片)。   
本品每日最大建议剂量为15mg(2片)。   
儿童适用的剂量尚未确定,目前只限于成人使用。

不良反应
  根据国外研究资料报道,以下罗列的不良反应系在本品给药后发生,然而他们的发生频率是根据临床实验记录结果,而无论与本品用药是否有因果关系。这些信息是基于对3750个病人进行的超过18个月的临床实验得到的,病人每日口服本品剂量为7.5或15毫克。(治疗用药的平均时间为127天)。   
1、胃肠道:频率超过1%:消化不良、恶心、呕吐、腹痛、便秘、胀气、腹泻。频率介于0.1%和1%之间:短暂的肝功能指标异常(如转氨酶或胆红素升高)。食道炎、胃十二指肠溃疡,隐伏或肉眼可见的胃肠道出血。频率小于0.1%:胃肠道穿孔,结肠炎。   
2、血液:频率超过1%:贫血。介于0.1%和1%之间:血细胞计数失调,包括白细胞分类计数,白细胞减少和血小板减少,同时使用潜在的骨髓毒性药物,特别是氨甲喋呤,是导致出现血细胞减少的一个因素。   
3、皮肤:频率超过1%:瘙样、皮疹。介于0.1%和1%之间:口炎、寻麻疹。少于0.1%:感光过敏。   
4 、呼吸道:频率少于0.1%:已有报道在使用阿斯匹林或其他NSAID,包括本品之后有个体出现急性哮喘。   
5、中枢神经系统:频率多于1%:轻微头晕、头痛。介于0.1%和1%:眩晕、耳鸣、嗜睡。   
6、心血管:频率多于1%:水肿。介于0.1%和1%之间:血压升高、心悸、潮红。   
7、泌尿系统:介于0.1%和1%之间:肾功能指标异常(血清肌酐和/或血清尿素升高)。

禁忌
  以下情况禁用:对药物活性成分美洛昔康或其赋形剂已知过敏者。与乙酰水杨酸和其他NSAID可能会有交叉过敏反应。对使用乙酰水杨酸或其他NSAID后出现哮喘、鼻腔息肉、血管水肿或寻麻疹等症状的病人不宜使用本品。活动性消化性溃疡,严重肝功能不全者,非透析严重肾功能不全者,儿童和年龄小于15岁的青少年,孕妇或哺乳者。  【孕妇及哺乳期妇女用药】虽然在临床前的试验中没有发现致畸作用,但本品不应用于孕妇和哺乳者。   
【儿童用药】儿童的适用剂量尚未确定,儿童和年龄小于15岁的青少年禁用。   
【老年用药】对可能有肝、肾及心功能不全的老年患者应慎用。

药物过量:因为没有已知的解毒药,所以在过剂量情况时应采取胃排空及支持疗法。有临床试验表明消胆胺可促进本品的排泄。

贮藏:遮光、密封保存。放在儿童伸手不及处。

Brand name: Metacam, Mobic, Mobicox
Available in 7.5 and 15 mg tablets (human formulations) and two strengths of oral suspension (veterinary formulations)

Background
Meloxicam is a member of the class of drugs known as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), the same class as such common over-the-counter pain remedies as Advil (ibuprofen), Aleve (naproxen), Orudis (ketoprofen), and aspirin. Most NSAIDs cannot be used in pets due to the following unacceptable side effects:
Stomach ulceration and even perforation and rupture of the stomach can occur. This is not only painful but life threatening.
Platelet deactivation: platelets are the cells controlling the ability to clot blood and, as a general rule, it is preferable not to promote bleeding. We would prefer platelets to remain active and able to function should we need them.
Decreased blood supply to the kidney - this could tip a borderline patient into kidney failure.

The veterinary profession has been in need of an NSAID that could effectively relieve pain without the above risks. The key appears to lie with the enzyme responsible for many inflammatory mediators: cyclo-oxygenase-2 (or COX-2). A different but related enzyme, cyclo-oxygenase-1 (COX-1), is responsible for producing important biochemicals needed to maintain normal blood supply to the kidneys and GI tract. It had been previously impossible to inhibit cyclo-oxygenase-2 without also inhibiting cyclo-oxygenase-1, hence the side effects of previous NSAIDS.

In 1997, Pfizer Animal Health released carprofen for dogs in the U.S. as the answer to this need. Carprofen is what is called a preferential cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitor. Carprofen does inhibit cyclo-oxygenase-1 slightly but, for the first time, it became possible to exert a different effect on each of these two enzymes. Meloxicam is a similar type of NSAID, preferentially inhibiting COX-2 over COX-1. This new ability to inhibit only the inflammatory COX proved to be revolutionary for pain management not only for pets but for humans as well. The introduction of COX-2 preferential NSAIDs has reduced stomach and intestinal side effects by 50% in humans and has made FDA approval of NSAIDs possible for pets. Meloxicam has only been approved in the U.S. for canine use since 2003 but has been available in Canada and Europe for years before. Meloxicam has been available in the U.S. for human use for many years.

Meloxicam offers another unique feature that other veterinary NSAIDs do not: feline use. As much as having COX preferential NSAIDs has been a boon to canine practice, these same drugs did not offer pet cats any sort of safe relief. Cats are even more sensitive to NSAID side effects as a general rule and the quest for a feline NSAID is still on going; still, meloxicam has been approved by the FDA for use in cats for surgical pain so long as only one dose is given. Longer term feline protocols have been developed (though not approved by the FDA at this time) and are in wide though cautious use in needful cats.

Another use of COX preferential NSAIDs bears mentioning. There are many forms of cancer, in particular certain types of carcinomas (transitional cell carcinoma, possibly squamous cell carcinoma, and more) seem to exhibit COX-2 activity. This implies that these types of NSAIDs have anti-tumor effects separate from their anti-inflammatory effects and their use in the treatment of inoperable cancers is currently being explored.

How this Medication Is Used
Meloxicam is generally given to control arthritis pain in dogs though can be given for many other painful conditions such as injuries, cancer, surgery, dental infections, and more. In dogs, it is typically given as a once a day in the form of a pleasantly flavored liquid. The veterinary approved product comes with a special dosing syringe marked to show how much to give for the pet's weight (rather than in milliliters as most syringes are marked).

Meloxicam can be used in cats but with caution. The original oral solution of meloxicam was commonly dosed in drops from the bottle. Since the wrong dose of meloxicam can be dangerous for cats, it is important not to drop the drops directly into the cat's mouth from the bottle as squeezing too strongly could easily deliver an overdose. There is currently a newer formulation at one third the strength of the original, which can be dosed more accurately with the included syringe. In cats, this product is given either as a single one time injection in association with surgery (its FDA approved use) or long term two to three times per week.

Patients being considered for long-term meloxicam use should be evaluated with a complete physical examination and initial screening blood test to identify any factors, such as liver or kidney disease, that might preclude the use of this or any other NSAID.

Side Effects
The side effects of concern are the same with all NSAIDs: stomach ulceration, loss of kidney function, and inappropriate bleeding. These are dependent on the dose of medication used and on risk factors of the host (for example: an aged pet may not efficiently clear a dose of medication from its body leading to stronger and longer activity of the drug). There is also a an idiosyncratic reaction for NSAIDs that has received a great deal of press. An idiosyncratic reaction is one that is neither dose-dependent nor predictable by any apparent host factor; it simply happens out of the blue. This particular idiosyncratic reaction is a liver toxicity that is rare enough that it did not show up in any of the initial 400 carprofen test subjects, or in the U.K., and was not recognized until carprofen was used in over a million dogs in the U.S. after its release as the first NSAID. This reaction is reviewed below. While originally it was carprofen use that led to the recognition of this reaction, it is now felt that all veterinary NSAIDs have potential to cause this reaction.
The most common side effects of meloxicam are nausea, appetite loss, vomiting or diarrhea. If any of the above are noted, meloxicam should be discontinued and the pet brought in for a liver enzyme and renal parameter blood test. In most cases, the reaction is minor and resolves with symptomatic relief, but it is important to rule out whether or not the patient has more than just a routine upset stomach.
If a patient has borderline kidney function, NSAIDs should not be used as they reduce blood flow through the kidneys. It is also important that NSAIDS not be given to dehydrated patients because of this potential side effect. This is particularly true in cats.
The hepatopathy side effect (usually occurs within the first 3 weeks of use).

A carprofen reaction that has received attention is hepatopathy, a type of liver disease. Symptoms include nausea, appetite loss, and/or diarrhea as well as marked elevations (3-4 times higher than the normal range) in liver enzymes measured in the blood. The question of whether other veterinary NSAIDs share this reaction has arisen. At this time, it is generally felt that the hepatopathy idiosyncratic reaction is not unique to carprofen and should be of concern with any veterinary NSAID and this includes meloxicam. This reaction seems to be a canine issue only.

Dogs with hepatopathy show improvement with support 5 to 10 days after discontinuing medication. It is important that the NSAID be discontinued and the patient evaluated in the event of upset stomach signs in case of this syndrome. Even though this is a rare syndrome (one in 5000), it can become life-threatening if ignored. Appetite loss or other intestinal signs do not necessarily indicate a hepatopathy but since they might, it is important not to ignore these signs should they occur. There is no way to predict which dogs will experience this side effect.

The hepatopathy reaction usually occurs in the first 3 weeks after starting carprofen but could theoretically occur later.
All NSAIDs are removed from the body by the liver. If the patient's liver is not working normally due to another disease or if the patient is taking other drugs that are also removed by the liver, it is possible to overwork the liver and exacerbate pre-existing liver disease. If there is any question about a patient's liver function, another class of pain reliever should be selected.

It is important to realize that COX-selectivity is not the sole factor in safety. In humans, the incidence of kidney function-related side effects was unchanged by the development of COX-2 preferential NSAIDs, such as meloxicam, and we expect the same is true with dogs. Still, these drugs have an excellent track record for safety. The important issue is to recognize risk factors for adverse reactions and take preventive steps (see the Concerns and Cautions section below).

You might wonder how this is possible given the COX-2 selectivity and the answer is complex. While it is easy to think of COX-2 as the "bad" enzyme, COX-1 as the "good" enzyme, and COX selectivity as seeing that only the "bad" enzyme is suppressed, this kind of thinking would be a drastic over-simplification. In fact, COX-2 is important in activities involving the healing of stomach ulcers and other important processes. There is also a COX-3, of which very little is known, and studies show there may very well be a COX-4. Further, at higher doses, meloxicam and other COX-2 selective NSAIDs will lose their COX-2 selectivity and significantly inhibit COX-1 as well.

As with all veterinary NSAIDs, periodic monitoring tests are important to check liver enzymes and kidney function, and to generally screen the patient's health. Typically a schedule of every 6 months is recommended for dogs. There is no general consensus on what is appropriate for cats but because of feline sensitivity towards NSAIDs, monitoring is especially important. If you are using this product in a cat, be sure you understand what monitoring schedule your veterinarian is recommending for your specific pet.

Interactions with Other Drugs
Drugs of the NSAID class should not be used concurrently as the potential for the aforementioned side effects increases. For similar reasons, NSAIDS should not be used in conjunction with corticosteroid hormones such as prednisone, dexamethasone, etc. Pfizer recommends a 5 to 7 day rest period when changing from one NSAID to another. Aspirin poses an exception due to its strong platelet inactivating abilities so 10 to 14 days is recommended when switching to another veterinary NSAID from aspirin. Allow at least one week between prednisone and meloxicam.

If meloxicam is used concurrently with phenobarbital, it is especially important that appropriate liver monitoring be performed. These two drugs interact such that neither may work well if they are used together.

ACE inhibitors such as enalapril, benazepril, or captopril may not be as effective in the presence of meloxicam. (ACE inhibitors are used in the treatment of hypertension or heart failure.) This is because ACE inhibitors depend on the dilation of blood vessels in the kidneys and such dilation can be interfered with by NSAIDs).

Concerns and Cautions
Meloxicam works as well when given on an empty stomach as when given on a full stomach. If a patient has had some upset stomach issues with meloxicam, these can often be minimized by administering the drug on a full stomach.

Maximum effect is seen approximately 8 hours after administration. When beginning a trial course of meloxicam, a response may take 3 or 4 days to show. If no response is seen in 10 days, meloxicam has failed and a different pain medication should be tried. If one NSAID fails, another may well work.

The veterinary formulations of meloxicam are oral liquids (either 1.5mg/ml or 0.5 mg/ml). It is important to compare these sizes to the human tablets that are available in much higher strengths. In general, human strength pills will be too strong except in very large dogs. It is important not to use human medications on pets unless your veterinarian has provided detailed dosing instructions.

Meloxicam should not be used in pregnancy or in lactation.

Meloxicam should not be used in puppies under 6 months of age (safety has not been proven).

Meloxicam should be avoided, if possible, in patients with impaired function of the liver, kidney or heart. It should also be avoided in dehydrated patients and patients with known GI ulcers. 

---------------------------------------------------------------
 详细处方信息以本药内容附件PDF文件(20123418011835.pdf)的“原文Priscribing Information”为准
---------------------------------------------------------------

更新日期: 2012-3-5
附件:






20123418011835.PDF    

 
调控比例: 100%
订购表单下载
Copyrights © 2010,2011,2012 www.ShiJieBiaoPin.com, Inc., All rights Reserved www.ShiJieBiaoPin.com, Inc.
客服工作时间:太平洋时间18:00-24:00
国内客服电话:     国际免费电话:
友情提示:以上电话为免费电话,无需您承担任何费用,世界标品提供中文客服,请您放心拨打!
电子邮箱:info.shijiebiaopin.com@gmail.com, info@shijiebiaopin.com