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  药店国别: 美国药房
产地国家: 美国
所属类别: 抗微生物药物->抗组胺
处方药:非处方药
包装规格: 10毫克/片 30片/盒
计价单位:
  点击放大  
生产厂家英文名:
Bayer Healthcare LLC
该药品相关信息网址1:
http://www.claritin.com/
该药品相关信息网址2:
http://www.drugs.com/claritin.html
该药品相关信息网址3:
http://www.rxlist.com/claritin-drug.htm
原产地英文商品名:
CLARITIN ODT REDITABS 10mg/tab 30tabs/box (Minimum Order: 50)
原产地英文药品名:
LORATADINE
中文参考商品译名:
开瑞坦口腔崩解片 10毫克/片 30片/盒 (最少订购量: 50)
中文参考药品译名:
氯雷他定
中文参考化合物名称:
4-(8-氯-5,6-二氢-11H-苯并[5,6]环庚[1,2-b]吡啶-11-烯)-1-哌啶羧酸乙酯
原产地国家批准上市年份:
1996/12/23
英文适应病症1:
Allergic rhinitis
英文适应病症2:
Chronic urticaria
英文适应病症3:
Allergic skin diseases
临床试验期:
完成
中文适应病症参考翻译1:
过敏性鼻炎
中文适应病症参考翻译2:
慢性荨麻疹
中文适应病症参考翻译3:
过敏性皮肤病
药品信息:

---------------------------------------------------------------
 部分中文CLARITIN处方资料(仅供参考)
---------------------------------------------------------------

【药品名称】 通用名称:氯雷他定片 商品名称:逸舒长/开瑞坦/息斯敏/星元佳
【成份】 本品主要成份为氯雷他定,其化学名称为4-(8-氯-5,6-二氢-11H-苯并[5,6]环庚[1,2-b]吡啶-11-烯)-1-哌啶羧酸乙酯。辅料为微晶纤维素,淀粉、硬脂酸镁。
【作用类别】 本品为耳鼻喉科及皮肤科用药类非处方药药品。
【贮藏】 室温,遮光,密封保存
【适应症】
  适用于缓解过敏性鼻炎有关的症状,如喷嚏、流涕及鼻痒以及眼部痒及烧灼感.口服药物后,迅速缓解鼻和眼部症状及体征。本品亦适用于减轻慢性荨麻疹及其它过敏性皮肤病的症状及体征。
【用法用量】
  口服成人及12岁以上儿童:一日1次,一次1片(10mg) 2~12岁儿童: 体重>30公斤:一日1次,一次1片(10mg) 体重≤30公斤:一日1次,一次半片(5mg)
【不良反应】
  在每天10mg的推荐剂量下,本品未见明显的镇静作用。常见不良反应有乏力、头痛、嗜睡、口干、胃肠道不适包括恶心、胃炎以及皮疹等.罕见不良反应有脱发、过敏反应、肝功能异常、心动过速及心悸等   
    在大约90000名患者参加的临床试验中,还发生下述不良反应,发生率小于2%:   
    自主神经系统:流泪、流涎、潮红、感觉迟钝、阳痿、多汗;   
    一般情况:血管神经性水肿、虚弱、背痛、视物模糊、胸痛、耳痛、眼痛、腿部抽筋、抑郁、寒颤、耳鸣、病毒感染、体重增加;   
    心血管系统:高血压、低血压、室上性快速性心律失常、晕厥;   
    中枢和外周神经系统:眼脸痉挛、眩晕、感觉异常、震颤;   
    胃肠道系统:消化不良、胃胀、味觉改变、食欲下降、便秘、腹泻、呃逆、食欲增加、牙痛、呕吐;   
    肌肉骨骼系统:关节炎、肌痛;   
    精神神经系统:激动、健忘、焦虑、精神错乱、性欲下降、抑郁、注意力不集中、失眠、易怒;   
    生殖系统:乳房痛、痛经、月经过多、阴道炎;   
    呼吸系统:支气管炎、支气管痉挛、咳嗽、呼吸困难、鼻出血、咯喉炎、鼻干、咽炎、鼻窦炎、喷嚏;   
    皮肤及附属器:真皮炎、毛发干燥、皮肤干燥、光敏反应、瘙痒症、紫癜、风疹;   
    泌尿系统:尿频、尿液外观颜色改变、尿失禁、尿潴留;   
    另外,服用本品还可偶发乳腺增生、多行红斑、周围性水肿、癫痫。
【禁忌】
  对本品中的成份过敏或特异体质的病人禁用。
【注意事项】
1.严重肝功能不全的患者请在医生指导下使用。
2.妊娠期及哺乳期妇女慎用。
3.在作皮试前的约48小时左右应中止使用本品,因抗组胺药能阻止或降低皮试的阳性反应发生。
4.当本品性状发生改变时禁用。
5.儿童必须在成人监护下使用。
6.请将此药品放在儿童不能接触的地方。
7.成人过量服用本品(40-180毫克)可发生嗜睡、心律失常、头痛。一旦发生以上症状,立即给与对症和支持疗法。治疗措施包括催吐,随后给予活性碳吸附未被吸收的药物。如果催吐不成功,则用生理盐水洗胃,进行导泻以稀释肠道内的药物浓度,血液透析不能清除氯雷他定,还未确定腹膜透析能否清除本品。   
【药物相互作用】
1.同时服用酮康唑、大环内酯类抗生素、西咪替丁、茶碱等药物,会提高氯雷他定在血浆中的浓度,应慎用.其他已知能抑制肝脏代谢的药物,在未明确与氯雷他定相互作用前应谨慎合用
2.如正在服用其它药品,使用本品前请咨询医师或药师   
【药物毒理】 本品为高效、作用持久的三环类抗组胺药,为选择性外周H1受体拮抗剂.可缓解过敏反应引起的各种症状。

Claritin
Generic Name: loratadine (lor AH ta deen)
Brand Names: Claritin, Alavert, Claritin Hives Relief, Clear-Atadine, Claritin Reditab, Clear-Atadine Children's, Dimetapp ND, Tavist ND, Wal-itin

What is Claritin?
Claritin is an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose.

Claritin is used to treat the symptoms of seasonal allergies, such as sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose and itching of the nose and throat. Claritin is also used to treat skin hives and itching in people with chronic skin reactions.

Claritin may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

----------------------------------------------------

Important information about Claritin
You should not take Claritin if you are allergic to loratadine or to desloratadine (Clarinex).
Before taking Claritin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have liver or kidney disease.

Do not give Claritin to a child younger than 6 years old without the advice of a doctor.
Loratadine disintegrating tablets (Claritin Reditab) may contain phenylalanine. Talk to your doctor before using Claritin Reditabs if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).

----------------------------------------------------

Before taking Claritin
You should not take this medication if you are allergic to loratadine or to desloratadine (Clarinex).
Before taking Claritin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:
kidney disease; or
liver disease.
If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take Claritin Reditab.

FDA pregnancy category B: This medication is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. Claritin can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

Claritin Reditabs may contain phenylalanine. Talk to your doctor before using Claritin Reditabs if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).

Do not give this medication to a child younger than 6 years old without the advice of a doctor.

----------------------------------------------------

How should I take Claritin?
Take Claritin as directed on the label, or as your doctor has prescribed. Do not take the medication in larger amounts or for longer than recommended.

Claritin is usually taken once per day. Follow your doctor's instructions.

Do not crush, chew, or break the regular Claritin tablet. Swallow the pill whole.
Measure liquid form of Claritin with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

To take Claritin RediTabs:
Keep the tablet in its blister pack until you are ready to take the medicine. Open the package and peel back the foil from the tablet blister. Do not push a tablet through the foil or you may damage the tablet.
Using dry hands, remove the tablet and place it on your tongue. It will begin to dissolve right away.
Do not swallow the tablet whole. Allow it to dissolve in your mouth without chewing.
Swallow several times as the tablet dissolves. If desired, you may drink water to help swallow the dissolved tablet.

Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve.

Store this medication at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

----------------------------------------------------

What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

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What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.
Overdose symptoms may include headache, drowsiness, and fast or pounding heartbeat.

----------------------------------------------------

What should I avoid while taking Claritin?
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using this medication.

----------------------------------------------------

Claritin side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
fast or uneven heart rate;
feeling like you might pass out;
jaundice (yellowing of your skin or eyes); or
seizures (convulsions).

Less serious side effects may include:
headache;
nervousness;
feeling tired or drowsy;
stomach pain, diarrhea;
dry mouth, sore throat hoarseness;
eye redness, blurred vision;
nosebleed; or
skin rash.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

----------------------------------------------------

What other drugs will affect Claritin?
There may be other drugs that can affect Claritin. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

----------------------------------------------------

Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about Claritin.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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更新日期: 2018-10-08
附件:
201810821455037.pdf    

 
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