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  药店国别: 美国药房
产地国家: 美国
所属类别: 作用于代谢机制药物->戒烟药
处方药:处方药
包装规格: 500MG
计价单位:
  点击放大  
生产厂家中文参考译名:
葛兰索史克
生产厂家英文名:
GlaxoSmithKline
该药品相关信息网址1:
http://us.gsk.com/
原产地英文商品名:
Zyban(500MG)
原产地英文药品名:
bupropion hydrochloride
中文参考商品译名:
载班
中文参考药品译名:
盐酸安非他酮
原产地国家批准上市年份:
0000/00/00
英文适应病症1:
Quit Smoking Drug
英文适应病症2:
treat depression
临床试验期:

中文适应病症参考翻译1:
戒烟药
中文适应病症参考翻译2:
治疗抑郁症
药品信息:

---------------------------------------------------------------
 详细处方信息以本药内容附件PDF文件(200951223583434.pdf)的“原文Priscribing Information”为准
---------------------------------------------------------------

 载班可能会增加风险的自杀念头和行为,对儿童及青少年的人患严重抑郁症或某些其他精神或情绪障碍等。 儿童和青少年采取载班应每天监测的任何恶化,他们的情况,思考的伤害自己,或其他任何突发或异常变化,在情绪或行为,尤其是在首数个月后, 载班开始后,任何改变,在剂量对载班 。 如果上述任何严重的副作用发生,联系医生立即。

一些药品或医疗情况,也可能与载班 。 告知你的医生或药剂师的所有处方药和过度的柜台药,你正在服用的药物。 不要使用载班 ,如果你正在服用安非他酮治疗抑郁症,采取了单胺氧化酶抑制剂( maoi ) ,或thioridazine 。 额外的监测你的剂量或条件,可能需要,如果您正在服用抗抑郁药物或精神药物,某些高血压药物(例如, " β -阻断剂" ) ,某些心脏病的药物(如普罗帕酮, flecainide ) ,华法林,解充血药,糖尿病医药,减肥药,左旋多巴, HIV蛋白酶抑制剂(如利托那韦) ,喹诺酮抗生素(如环丙沙星,氧氟沙星) ,查扣药品,镇静剂,曲马多,麻醉止痛药(如对乙酰氨基酚与可待因) ,其他产品含有尼古丁(如,贴片或口香糖) 。

报告还对使用药物可能增加扣押风险(减少扣押阈值)时,结合班,如吩噻嗪类(如thioridazine ) ,三环类抗抑郁药(如阿米替林) ,异烟肼(异烟肼) ,或茶碱等。 咨询你的医生或药剂师查询。 告知你的医生的任何其他医疗条件,包括任何心理或情绪障碍(如双相情感障碍) ,肾脏病,肝病,糖尿病,颅脑损伤,肿瘤(如脑或脊髓) ,历史上的药物或酒精成瘾,过敏,怀孕或哺乳期。

不要使用载班 ,如果你有一个历史的饮食失调(如厌食,贪食症) 。 使用载班 ,是不推荐,如果你有一个历史的发作,或肌肉或神经的条件。 讨论使用酒精与你的医生或药剂师,然后才采取载班 。 联络你的医生或药剂师,如果您有任何疑问或关注,使用载班 。

方向

依照指示使用载班提供给你的医生。 此药具有用药指南和病人资料单张。 仔细地阅读。 请教你的医生,护士或药剂师的任何问题,你可能有大约载班 。 燕子的整体。 不要打破,破碎,或咀嚼再下咽。 如果您正在服用超过1剂量每一天,允许有至少8个小时之间的剂量。

载班贮存在室温下,远离热和光。 如果你错过了一剂载班 ,跳过错过剂量,并回去向您定期服药时间表。 不采取2剂售磬。

注意事项

它以一周为载班工作。 不要停止服用载班没有留意与你的医生。 第一周期间以载班 ,你应该继续吸烟。 你应该计划在戒烟过程中的第二个星期,同时考虑载班 。

增设监测你的情况,建议在治疗初期与载班每当改变你的剂量。 如果你的经验,焦虑,情绪激动,恐慌袭击,难度睡,易怒,敌对,冲动的感情,严重的焦躁情绪,或情感的抑郁,联络你的医生尽快进行。 在这方面可能会迹象表明,你的治疗与载班应重新评估。 如果你是一位家长或照顾的一个病人,就是以载班 ,这是很重要的,你看这些症状每日。 联系医生立即如果有这些症状的发生。 联络你的医生,为更多的信息。

此药可能引起头晕。 不要驾车,操作机器,或做任何事,否则这可能是危险的,直到你知道你如何反应, 载班 。 使用单独载班 ,与其他药物或酒精,可降低你的驾驶能力或履行其他具潜在危险的任务。 不要超过建议剂量的安非他酮;这样做会增加你的风险有一个扣押。 限制或避免食用含酒精饮料;饮酒能增加你的风险癫痫发作。 慢性酒精中毒的用户突然停止摄取酒精,同时考虑载班可能会增加风险,有癫痫发作。 在你开始之前采取任何新的药物,无论是处方或过度的柜台,请与您的医生或药剂师。

告诫是提醒,当使用载班 ,在儿童或青少年患者,因为它们可能会较敏感的影响,中药。 女性:如果你打算怀孕,讨论与你的医生的好处和风险使用载班在怀孕期间。 此药是分泌乳汁。 不哺乳的同时, 载班 。

可能的副作用

副作用可能发生的,同时考虑载班 ,包括躁动,情绪激动,头昏眼花,口干,睡眠困难,头痛,恶心,呕吐,便秘,改变重量或震颤。 如果他们继续或麻烦,请与你的医生。 请与您的医生尽早如果你的经验,心悸。 联络你的医生立即如果你的经验严重紧张,焦虑,或搅拌;恐慌攻击;困难睡觉;心情烦躁或敌意;冲动行为,或有其他不寻常的行为改变,严重的焦躁情绪;心情抑郁;思考的伤害自己,任何精神或情绪变化;或癫痫发作。 如果你的经验,呼吸困难;严密的胸部;肿胀的眼睑,面部,或唇,或如果您发展皮疹或荨麻疹告诉你的医生立即。 不采取任何剂量的载班 ,除非你的医生告诉你这样做。 如果您发现了其他的影响未列入上述情况,联络你的医生,护士或药剂师。

如果你带走太多

如果服用过量,是怀疑,请连络当地中毒控制中心或急诊室,立即。 症状,服用过量可包括视力模糊, lightheadedness ,幻觉,抽搐,意识丧失。

补充资料

这是正常的载班有一个气味。 它是无害的。 不同意载班与他人的人是不明。 不要使用载班 ,为其他健康状况。 保持载班出来的地步,儿童。 如果是使用载班 ,为延长的时间内,获得充值前您的供应耗尽。

药物相互作用

药物相互作用可导致有害的副作用或防止一种药做它的工作。 一些药品或医疗情况,也可能与载班 。 告知你的医生或药剂师的所有处方药和过度的柜台药,你正在服用的药物。

Uses

This medication is used to treat depression. It can improve your mood and feelings of well-being. It works by helping to restore the balance of natural chemicals (neurotransmitters) in your brain.

Bupropion is also used to help people quit smoking by decreasing cravings and nicotine withdrawal effects.

OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.

Bupropion may be used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It may also be used in combination with other mood stabilizers to treat bipolar disorder (depressive phase).

How to use Zyban Oral

Read the Medication Guide and Patient Information Leaflet available from your pharmacist before you start using bupropion and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions regarding the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth, usually twice daily with or without food. If nausea occurs, you may take this drug with food. It is important to take your doses at least 8 hours apart or as directed by your doctor to decrease your risk of having a seizure.

This medication must be swallowed whole. Do not crush, chew or break the tablets. Doing so will destroy the slow release of the drug and may increase your risk of side effects, including seizures.

You may have trouble sleeping when you start taking bupropion. Do not take your evening dose too close to bedtime. Let your doctor know if sleeplessness becomes a problem.

Your dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Your dose should be slowly increased to limit side effects such as sleeplessness and decrease the risk of seizures.

Do not take more or less medication than prescribed. Taking more than the recommended dose will increase your risk of having a seizure. The usual maximum dose is 300-400 milligrams per day (maximum single dose 150-200 milligrams).

Do not stop taking this medication without notifying your doctor. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time each day.

It may take 4 weeks or more before the full effects of this medication are noticed. Talk to your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Side effects

Antidepressant medications are used to treat a variety of conditions, including depression and other mental/mood disorders. These medications can help prevent suicidal thoughts/attempts and provide other important benefits. However, studies have shown that a small number of people (especially children/teenagers) who take antidepressants for any condition may experience worsening depression, other mental/mood symptoms, or suicidal thoughts/attempts. Therefore, it is very important to talk with the doctor about the risks and benefits of antidepressant medication (especially for children/teenagers), even if treatment is not for a mental/mood condition.

Tell the doctor immediately if you notice worsening depression/other psychiatric conditions, unusual behavior changes (including possible suicidal thoughts/attempts), or other mental/mood changes (including new/worsening anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, irritability, hostile/angry feelings, impulsive actions, severe restlessness, very rapid speech). Be especially watchful for these symptoms when a new antidepressant is started or when the dose is changed.

Dry mouth, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, flushing, headache, loss of appetite, constipation, trouble sleeping, increased sweating, strange taste in mouth, muscle/joint aches, dizziness, or blurred vision may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fainting, chest pain, fast heartbeat, severe headache, uncontrolled movements (tremor), unusual weight loss or gain, ringing in the ears, mental/mood changes (e.g., agitation, anxiety, hallucinations, nervousness, confusion, restlessness).

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: muscle pain/tenderness/weakness, change in the amount of urine.

This drug may rarely cause seizures. Seek immediate medical attention if you have a seizure while taking bupropion. If you have a seizure while taking bupropion, you should not take this drug again.

A severe allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction include: rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

An empty tablet shell may appear in your stool. This is harmless.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

 Precautions

Before taking bupropion, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it or if you have any other allergies.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: seizures, eating disorders (e.g., bulimia, anorexia nervosa).

This medication should not be used if you are suddenly stopping regular use of sedatives (e.g., benzodiazepines such as lorazepam) or alcohol, which can cause a higher risk of seizures.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: personal or family history of psychiatric disorder (e.g., bipolar/manic-depressive disorder), personal or family history of suicide thoughts/attempts, head injury, brain tumor, liver problems, heart problems, high blood pressure, kidney problems, diabetes, alcohol/drug dependence, intention to quit smoking.

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy; use caution engaging in activities requiring alertness such as driving or using machinery.

Limit or avoid consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol can increase your risk of dizziness and seizures.

Do not take this medicine with any other product containing bupropion (e.g., drugs to help quit smoking) since large doses of bupropion are more likely to cause seizures.

Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be more sensitive to this drug and to side effects.

This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Infrequently, newborns whose mothers have used certain newer antidepressants during the last 3 months of pregnancy may develop symptoms including persistent feeding or breathing difficulties, jitteriness, seizures or constant crying. Promptly report any such symptoms to the doctor. However, do not stop taking this medication unless your doctor directs you to do so.

Bupropion passes into breast milk. Because of the potential risk to the infant, breast-feeding is not recommended while using this drug.

Interactions

This drug should not be used with the following medications because very serious interactions may occur: MAO inhibitors (e.g., furazolidone, linezolid, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, selegiline, isocarboxazid, tranylcypromine), certain x-ray dyes such as iomeprol, sibutramine, thioridazine.

If you are currently using any of these medications listed above, tell your doctor or pharmacist before starting bupropion.

If you are currently using or have recently stopped taking an MAO inhibitor within the last 14 days, tell your doctor or pharmacist before starting bupropion.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription products you may use, especially of: amantadine, diabetes medications (e.g., hypoglycemic drugs such as glyburide, glipizide, or insulin), HIV drugs (e.g., efavirenz, nelfinavir, ritonavir), levodopa, nicotine products (e.g., patches, gum, or spray), regular use of sedatives (e.g., alcohol, alprazolam), stimulants (e.g., amphetamine, cocaine, ecstasy, ephedrine), warfarin.

Also tell your doctor if you are taking any drugs which are affected by certain liver enzymes, such as antidepressants (e.g., desipramine, paroxetine, fluoxetine), antipsychotics (e.g., haloperidol), beta-blockers (e.g., metoprolol), antiarrhythmics (e.g., propafenone, flecainide), orphenadrine, cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, or phenytoin.

Report the use of drugs which might increase seizure risk (decrease seizure threshold) when combined with bupropion, such as antipsychotics (e.g., chlorpromazine), tricyclic antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline), corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone) or theophylline, among others. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for details.

Large amounts of caffeine and other stimulants, such as those found in weight loss and cold/sinus medications, can increase the chance of seizures with this drug. Check all nonprescription/prescription/herbal drug labels for caffeine and other stimulants (e.g., ephedra). Consult your doctor or pharmacist.

This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.

Notes

Psychiatric/medical checkups (and possibly laboratory and/or medical tests such as blood pressure monitoring) must be done periodically to monitor your progress and check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

Do not share this medication with others.

Missed dose

If you miss a dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up. Taking too much of this medication can increase your chance of having a seizure.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Bupropion tablets may have a strange odor. This is normal and the medication is still okay to use. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.

Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.

20090513更新

更新日期: 2009-5-13
附件:


200951223583434.pdf    

 
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